与 OpenStack Keystone 对接

It is possible to integrate the Ceph Object Gateway with Keystone, the OpenStack identity service. This sets up the gateway to accept Keystone as the users authority. A user that Keystone authorizes to access the gateway will also be automatically created on the Ceph Object Gateway (if didn’t exist beforehand). A token that Keystone validates will be considered as valid by the gateway.

The following configuration options are available for Keystone integration:

[client.radosgw.gateway]
rgw keystone url = {keystone server url:keystone server admin port}
rgw keystone admin token = {keystone admin token}
rgw keystone accepted roles = {accepted user roles}
rgw keystone token cache size = {number of tokens to cache}
rgw keystone revocation interval = {number of seconds before checking revoked tickets}
rgw s3 auth use keystone = true
nss db path = {path to nss db}

A Ceph Object Gateway user is mapped into a Keystone tenant. A Keystone user has different roles assigned to it on possibly more than a single tenant. When the Ceph Object Gateway gets the ticket, it looks at the tenant, and the user roles that are assigned to that ticket, and accepts/rejects the request according to the rgw keystone accepted roles configurable.

Kilo 之前

Keystone 自身作为对象存储服务的入口( endpoint ),需要配置为指向 Ceph 对象网关。

keystone service-create --name swift --type object-store
keystone endpoint-create --service-id <id> \
        --publicurl   http://radosgw.example.com/swift/v1 \
        --internalurl http://radosgw.example.com/swift/v1 \
        --adminurl    http://radosgw.example.com/swift/v1

从 Kilo 起

Keystone 自身作为对象存储服务的入口( endpoint ),需要配置为指向 Ceph 对象网关。

openstack service create --name=swift \
                         --description="Swift Service" \
                         object-store
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                            |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| description | Swift Service                    |
| enabled     | True                             |
| id          | 37c4c0e79571404cb4644201a4a6e5ee |
| name        | swift                            |
| type        | object-store                     |
+-------------+----------------------------------+

openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne \
     --publicurl   "http://radosgw.example.com:8080/swift/v1" \
     --adminurl    "http://radosgw.example.com:8080/swift/v1" \
     --internalurl "http://radosgw.example.com:8080/swift/v1" \
     swift
+--------------+------------------------------------------+
| Field        | Value                                    |
+--------------+------------------------------------------+
| adminurl     | http://radosgw.example.com:8080/swift/v1 |
| id           | e4249d2b60e44743a67b5e5b38c18dd3         |
| internalurl  | http://radosgw.example.com:8080/swift/v1 |
| publicurl    | http://radosgw.example.com:8080/swift/v1 |
| region       | RegionOne                                |
| service_id   | 37c4c0e79571404cb4644201a4a6e5ee         |
| service_name | swift                                    |
| service_type | object-store                             |
+--------------+------------------------------------------+

$ openstack endpoint show object-store
+--------------+------------------------------------------+
| Field        | Value                                    |
+--------------+------------------------------------------+
| adminurl     | http://radosgw.example.com:8080/swift/v1 |
| enabled      | True                                     |
| id           | e4249d2b60e44743a67b5e5b38c18dd3         |
| internalurl  | http://radosgw.example.com:8080/swift/v1 |
| publicurl    | http://radosgw.example.com:8080/swift/v1 |
| region       | RegionOne                                |
| service_id   | 37c4c0e79571404cb4644201a4a6e5ee         |
| service_name | swift                                    |
| service_type | object-store                             |
+--------------+------------------------------------------+

The keystone URL is the Keystone admin RESTful API URL. The admin token is the token that is configured internally in Keystone for admin requests.

The Ceph Object Gateway will query Keystone periodically for a list of revoked tokens. These requests are encoded and signed. Also, Keystone may be configured to provide self-signed tokens, which are also encoded and signed. The gateway needs to be able to decode and verify these signed messages, and the process requires that the gateway be set up appropriately. Currently, the Ceph Object Gateway will only be able to perform the procedure if it was compiled with --with-nss. Configuring the Ceph Object Gateway to work with Keystone also requires converting the OpenSSL certificates that Keystone uses for creating the requests to the nss db format, for example:

mkdir /var/ceph/nss

openssl x509 -in /etc/keystone/ssl/certs/ca.pem -pubkey | \
        certutil -d /var/ceph/nss -A -n ca -t "TCu,Cu,Tuw"
openssl x509 -in /etc/keystone/ssl/certs/signing_cert.pem -pubkey | \
        certutil -A -d /var/ceph/nss -n signing_cert -t "P,P,P"